Oral health – Part 2

Oral health – Part 2
Dr. Thajudheen MD
Jul 08, 2022 | Skin care

Treating Dental & Oral issues

Even if you’ve been taking excellent care of your teeth, you should visit a dentist twice a year for more knowledge about your oral health. Your dentist can advocate alternative treatments if you show signs of gum illness, infections, or alternative issues.


A professional checkup will eliminate any plaque you have missed while brushing, flossing, and take away calculus. A skilled professional typically performs these cleanings, and a hygienist can use a high-powered ultrasonic scaler to remove dental calculus. This procedure is known as scaling and root planing, and it removes calculus from the top and below the gumline that can’t reach throughout a routine cleaning.

Fluoride Treatments

After a  dental cleaning, your dentist might apply a fluoride treatment to prevent dental caries. It will facilitate strengthening your tooth’s enamel and build a lot of resilience to microorganisms and acid.


If you show gum infection or have a tooth symptom that has unfolded to other teeth or your jaw, your doctor might prescribe antibiotics to eliminate the disease. The dentists use different antibiotics like a mouth rinse, gel, oral pill, or capsule.

Fillings, crowns, and sealants

The dentist uses a filling to repair a cavity, crack, or hole within the tooth. The dentist primarily uses a drill to get rid of the broken space of the tooth and then fills the opening with some material, like amalgam or composite.

We use the crown when the tooth’s major portion has been removed or has broken off due to an injury. There are two varieties of crowns: An implant crown that matches over an implant and a regular crown that fits over a natural tooth. Each crown fills the space of the missing area of the tooth.

Dental sealants are thin; protecting coatings are placed on the chewing surface of teeth to help prevent caries. Your dentist might apply a sealer for children as soon as they get their 1st molars, at the age of six, and once more, they get their second set of molars around the age of twelve. Sealants are simple to use and utterly painless.

Root canal
There is a  canal inside the tooth filled with nerves. If microbes reach the canal, the dentist removes the nerves and replaces them with a filling made from a biocompatible material.

Probiotics are largely better-known for their role in health; however, new analysis has shown that healthy microorganism is also helpful for your teeth and gums.

Probiotics prevent plaque formation and have the capacity to inhibit oral carcinogenesis. They facilitate preventing oral cancers and reduce inflammation from gum illness.

While massive clinical trials are still required to prove their effectiveness, results to this point are promising. You’ll be able to take a probiotic supplement or eat foods high in helpful microorganisms, like dairy products, kefir, and kimchi. Alternative widespread probiotic foods embrace dishes, tempeh, and miso.

Changing daily habits

Keeping your mouth healthy may be a daily commitment, and a skilled professional will teach you the ways to properly pay attention to your teeth and gums on a usual. Additionally, to brushing and flossing, your daily routine will embrace gargling, oral rinses, and presumably alternative tools, like a water flosser.

Surgery for dental and oral issues

Oral surgeries perform to treat many severe cases of periodontitis. And also to exchange or fix missing or broken teeth caused by accidents.

Flap surgery
During flap surgery, a doctor makes a tiny low cut within the gum to raise part of the tissue. They then remove tartar and microorganism from beneath the gums, and one can sew the flap around your teeth.

Bone grafting
Bone grafting is required once gum illness causes harm to the bone encompassing the foundation of your tooth. The doctor does the bone grafting to the broken bone with a graft, taking from your bone, an artificial bone, or a given bone.

Soft tissue grafts

The use of a soft tissue graft is to treat receding gums. A dentist can take a tiny piece of tissue from your mouth or use a donor tissue and transfer it to the missing area of your gums.

Tooth extraction

The tooth must extract if your dentist can’t save your tooth with a root canal treatment or alternative surgery.

You may have to do a  tooth extraction if your wisdom teeth, or third molars, are impacted. Sometimes, a person’s jaw isn’t massive enough to accommodate the third set of molars, and one or a lot of the wisdom teeth fail to emerge fully. A dentist can usually perform the extraction of wisdom teeth if they cause pain, inflammation, or alternative issues.

Dental implants
A dental implant can do the replacement of missing teeth. After minor surgery, implants can place into the jawbone, and your bones can grow around the implant, called osseointegration.

Your dentist can customize a new artificial tooth for you that matches your alternative teeth. This is known as a crown, and the new crown can place on the implant. If substituting more than one tooth, your dentist might customize the bridge. A dental bridge has two abutment crowns on either side of the gap holding substitute teeth in situ.

What will go wrong?

Periodontal disease will eventually break down the bone that supports your teeth, resulting in several complications. You’ll doubtless like dental treatment to save lots of your teeth.

Risks and complications of untreated periodontitis include:
Tooth abscesses
Other infections
Migration of your teeth
Pregnancy complications
Exposure to the roots of your teeth
Oral cancer
Tooth loss
Increased risk of polygenic disease, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and metabolism diseases
If left untreated, infection from a tooth symptom will unfold to alternative elements of your head or neck, and it will even result in infection, a severe blood infection.

You are keeping your teeth and gums healthy.
Good oral health comes down to sensible general health and customary sense. The most effective ways in which to reduce oral health issues are

Brush your teeth with fluoride dentifrice a minimum of twice daily

Floss a minimum of once daily, one of the foremost helpful belongings you will do to reduce illness in your oral cavity.

Get your teeth clean by a dentist every six months.

Avoid tobacco products.

Follow a high-fiber, low-fat, low-sugar diet with many fruits and vegetables.

Limit candies, snacks, and carbonated drinks

Foods with hidden sugars include:
Condiments like sauces
Sliced fruit or applesauce in cans or jars that have extra sugars
Flavored dairy product
Pasta sauce
Sweetened ice tea
Sports drinks
Juice or juice blends
Granola and cereal bars

Get a lot of recommendations on preventing oral health issues. Sensible oral health is necessary for people like youngsters, pregnant girls, and older adults.

Children are highly prone to dental cavities and caries, particularly those in bottle feed. Cavities form due to excessive sugar left on the teeth when bottle feeding.

To avoid baby bottle caries, you can do the following:

Only bottle feed throughout meal times
Wean the bottle feed when the baby eats everyday foods
Fill the bottle with water if you want to offer them a bottle at any time of day
Begin brushing with a soft baby toothbrush once their baby teeth begin to erupt.
You ought to Use water until your kid learns not to swallow the dentifrice.
Start seeing a pedodontist frequently for your kid
Ask your child’s dentist to concern dental sealants
Baby bottle decay is known as nursing bottle caries.

Oral and throat cancer is common in men, and a study showed that men with a history of periodontitis likely develop alternative varieties of cancer than men with healthy gums. Men must acknowledge the implications of poor oral health and take action early in life.

What girls got to comprehend oral health
Due to dynamic hormones at varying stages of their lives, girls are in danger of many oral health problems.

When a lady becomes pregnant, she might have mouth sores or swollen gums throughout her periods. During a pregnancy, exaggerated hormones will affect the saliva quantity created by the mouth. Frequent vomiting caused by sickness may result in caries. You’ll be able to receive aid throughout your pregnancy period. However, you must let your dentist understand if you’re pregnant.


Dr. Thajudheen MD

Dr Thajudheen is a dermatologist and cosmetic laser surgeon. He founded Dr Thaj Laser Skin & Hair Clinics in cities across southern India, where he pioneered the use of advanced lasers and cosmetology techniques.


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