Oral health – Part 1

Oral health – Part 1
Dr. Thajudheen MD
Jul 08, 2022 | Skin care

Dental and oral health is necessary for your overall health and well-being. Poor oral hygiene will result in dental cavities and gum sickness, leading to heart sickness, heart condition cardiopathy, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and polygenic disease.

Maintaining healthy teeth and gums may be a long commitment. The sooner you learn correct oral hygiene habits like brushing, flossing, and limiting sugar intake, the better you’ll avoid expensive dental procedures and semipermanent health problems.

Facts regarding dental and oral health

1) Between sixty and ninety % of college kids have a minimum of one dental cavity.

2) Nearly one hundred pc of adults have a minimum of one dental cavity.

3) Between fifteen and twenty % of adults ages thirty-five to forty-four have severe gum sickness.

4) About thirty % of individuals around the world, ages sixty-five to seventy-four, don’t have any natural teeth left.

5) In most countries, out of each a hundred people, there are between one and ten carcinoma cases.

6) The burden of oral sickness is way higher in poor or deprived population teams.

7) There are several steps you’ll be able to keep your teeth healthy. For instance, dental and oral sickness may be significantly reduced by:

You brush your teeth with halide dentifrice a minimum of twice daily.

–          Flossing your teeth a minimum of once each day.

–          Decreasing your intake of sugar.

–          Eating a diet high in fruits and vegetables.

–          Avoiding tobacco products.

–          Drinking fluoridated water.

–          Seeking skilled aid.

Symptoms of dental and oral issues

It would help if you didn’t wait until you have symptoms to go to your dental practitioner. Getting to the dental practitioner doubly a year can sometimes permit them to catch a retardant before you even notice any symptoms.

If you have expertise in any of the following warning signs of dental health problems, you ought to build a rendezvous to ascertain your dental practitioner as shortly as possible:

–          Ulcers, sores, or tender areas within the mouth that won’t heal in a week or two.

–          Bleeding or swollen gums once brushing or flossing.

–          Chronic, dangerous breath.

–          Sudden sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures or beverages.

–          Pain or odontalgia.

–          Loose teeth.

–          Receding gums.

–          Pain with chewing or biting.

–          Swelling of the face and cheek.

–          The clicking of the jaw.

–          Cracked or broken teeth.

–          Frequent xerostomia.

If any of those symptoms are in the middle of high fever and facial or neck swelling, you ought to request emergency medical treatment. Learn a lot regarding the warning signs of oral health problems.

Causes of dental and oral diseases

Your oral cavity collects all types of microorganisms, viruses, and fungi. Many of them belong there, creating the traditional flora of your mouth. They’re typically harmless in tiny quantities. However, a diet high in sugar creates conditions within which acid-producing microorganisms will flourish. This acid dissolves the enamel and causes dental cavities.

Bacteria near your gum line thrive in an exceedingly sticky matrix called plaque. Plaque accumulates, hardens, and migrates down the length of your tooth if it isn’t removed frequently by brushing and flossing. It could inflame your gums and cause the condition referred to as periodontitis.

Increased inflammation causes your gums to start to drag off from your teeth. This method creates pockets within which pus might eventually collect. Is it a lot of advanced stage of gum sickness named periodontal disease?

Several factors contribute to periodontitis and periodontal disease, including:

–          Smoking

–          Poor brushing habits

–          Frequent snacking on honied foods and drinks

–          Diabetes

–          The use of medicines that cut back the quantity of spit within the mouth

–          Family history, or biological science

–          Certain infections, like HIV or AIDS

–          Hormonal changes in ladies

–          Acid reflux, or pyrosis

–          Frequent innate reflex, thanks to the acid

It may diagnose dental and oral tissues through dental communication. throughout a touch, your dental practitioner can closely examine your:

–          Teeth

–          Mouth

–          Throat

–          Tongue

–          Cheeks

–          Jaw

–          Neck

Your dental practitioner would possibly faucet or scrape at your teeth with various tools or instruments to help with identification. A technician at the dentist’s workplace can take dental X-rays of your mouth, ensuring to urge a picture of every one of your teeth. Please make sure to let your dental practitioner know if you’re pregnant. Ladies, the World Health Organization are pregnant and shouldn’t have X-rays.

A tool called groundwork may be wont to live in your gum pockets. This tiny ruler will tell your dental practitioner whether or not you have gum sickness or receding gums. In an exceedingly healthy mouth, the depth of the pockets between the teeth is sometimes between one and three millimeters (mm), and any measuring more than that will mean you have got gum sickness.

If your dental practitioner finds any abnormal lumps, lesions, or growths in your mouth, they will perform a gum diagnostic test. A tiny low piece of tissue is far from the expansion or lesion throughout a diagnostic test. The sample is then sent to a laboratory for examination beneath a magnifier to examine for cancerous cells.

If the carcinoma is suspected, your dental practitioner might also order imaging tests to ascertain if cancer has unfolded. Tests might include:

–          X-ray

–          MRI scan

–          CT scan

–          Endoscopy

Types of dental and oral diseases

We use our teeth and mouths for heaps. Therefore, it’s not shocking what number of things will fail over time, mainly if you don’t take correct care of your teeth. It may prevent most dental and oral tissues with proper oral hygiene. You’ll seemingly expertise a minimum of one dental drawback throughout your period.


Cavities also are referred to as tooth decay or cavity. These areas of the tooth are broken and should even have holes. Cavities are quite common. They occur once microorganisms, food, and acid coat your teeth and type a plaque. The acid on your teeth starts to eat away at the enamel and then the underlying dentin, or animal tissue. Over time, this could result in permanent injury.

Gum sickness (gingivitis)

Gum sickness, additionally referred to as periodontitis, is inflammation of the gums. It’s sometimes the result of plaque build-up on your teeth thanks to poor brushing and flossing habits. Periodontitis will build your gums swell and bleed after you brush or floss. Untreated periodontitis will result in periodontal disease and a lot of serious infections.


As periodontal disease progresses, the infection will unfold in your jaw and bones and may also cause an inflammatory response throughout the body.

Cracked or broken teeth

A tooth will crack or break from an injury to the mouth, chewing laborious foods, or grinding the teeth at midnight. A cracked tooth may be painful. You should visit your dental practitioner quickly if you’ve cracked or broken a tooth.

Sensitive teeth

If your teeth are sensitive, you may feel pain or discomfort after having cold or hot foods or beverages.

Tooth sensitivity is also known as “dentin hypersensitivity.” It generally happens quickly once having a passageway or a filling. It may also be the result of:

–          Gum sickness

–          Receding gums

–          A cracked tooth

–          Worn-down fillings or crowns

Some individuals naturally have sensitive teeth due to their need for dilutant enamel.

It may treat, most of the time, naturally sensitive teeth and is a modification in your daily oral hygiene program. There are specific brands of dentifrice and gargle for individuals with sharp teeth.

–          Oral cancer

–          Oral cancers embody cancer of the:

–          Gums

–          Tongue

–          Lips

–          Cheek

–          The floor of the mouth

–          Hard and palate

A dental practitioner is sometimes the primary person to acknowledge carcinoma. Tobacco use, like smoking and chewing tobacco, is the most significant risk for carcinoma.

The link between oral and general health

Oral health has been essential in recent years, as researchers have discovered an affiliation between declining oral health and underlying general conditions. A healthy mouth seems to help you maintain a healthy body. According to research, oral microorganisms and inflammation can associate  with:

–          Heart disease

–          Endocarditis, or inflammation of the liner of the guts

–          Premature birth

–          Low birth weight

Bacteria will unfold from your blood, inflicting infective carditis. Infective carditis may be a severe infection of your heart valves. Your dental practitioner might recommend you take antibiotics as a precaution before they perform any medical procedure that might dislodge microorganisms in your mouth.


Dr. Thajudheen MD

Dr Thajudheen is a dermatologist and cosmetic laser surgeon. He founded Dr Thaj Laser Skin & Hair Clinics in cities across southern India, where he pioneered the use of advanced lasers and cosmetology techniques.


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