Root canal treatment – What you need to know!

Root canal treatment – What you need to know!
Dr. Thajudheen MD
Aug 23, 2022 | Skin care

What is a root canal?

An RCT may be a medical procedure involving the removal of the soft center of the tooth, the pulp. Nerves and blood vessels help the tooth’s growth in the pulp.

Typically, a general dentist can perform a treatment whereas you’re in anesthesia.

When may be root canal treatment needed?

 Once the soft inner part of a tooth, called the pulp, is hurt or becomes inflamed or infected, the Dentist will perform root canal treatment.

Common causes of injury to the pulp include:

  • Deep decay because of an untreated cavity
  • A chip or crack within the tooth
  • Damage to the tooth

The most common symptoms of broken pulp are pain in your tooth, swelling, and a sensation of warmth in your gums. Your Dentist can examine the painful tooth and take X-rays to substantiate the diagnosis. 

Your Dentist could refer you to a specialist for root canal treatment.

How is the root canal treatment performed?

Root canal treatment performs at the dental clinic. After you arrive for your appointment, a dental assistant can escort you to a clinic, assist you in getting set on the dental chair, and place a drape around your neck to safeguard your garments from stains.

Step 1: Anesthetic

The Dentist can place a small quantity of desensitizing medication on your gum close to the affected tooth. Then an area anesthetic will be injected into your gums, and you’ll feel a sharp pinch or a burning sensation. However, this can pass quickly.

You’ll stay awake throughout the procedure. However, the anesthetic can keep you from feeling any pain.

Step 2: Removing the pulp

When your tooth is numb, the Dentist can build a tiny low cavity within the prime of the tooth. Once the infected or broken pulp is exposed, the specialist can rigorously remove the pulp with special tools known as files. They’ll carefully wash out all your tooth’s pathways (canals).

Step 3: Antibiotics after removal of the pulp

coat the canal with a topical antibiotic to confirm the infection is gone and reduce reinfection. Once the canals are clean and disinfected, the Dentist can fill and seal the tooth with a sealer paste and rubber-like material known as gutta-percha.

Step 4: Temporary filling

The Dentist can finish the procedure by filling the little cavity within the prime of the tooth with a soft, temporary material. This sealer helps stop the canals from being broken by spit.

Follow-up after your treatment.

Your tooth and gums may feel sore once the desensitizing medication wears off, and your gums might swell. Most dentists can have you treat these symptoms with over-the-counter pain medications like acetaminophen and NSAIDs). Your Dentist decides if the pain becomes extreme or lasts for many days.

You should be ready to resume your daily routine the day once the procedure. Avoid chewing hard till the tooth becomes permanently filled or crowned.

You’ll see your Dentist at a regular interval. They’ll take X-rays to confirm that any infection is remaining. They’ll additionally replace the temporary filling with a permanent filling.

If you favor, the Dentist could place a permanent crown on the tooth. Crowns are ceramic artificial teeth; the good thing about a crown is its realistic look.

Risks in root canal treatment.

The treatment of the root canal is to save your teeth. Sometimes, the decay or the injury is too deep, or the tooth portion is significantly less to face up to the procedure, the Dentist can’t perform root canal treatment on that tooth.

Another risk is developing symptoms on the tooth during treatment if infected material remains behind or the antibiotics aren’t effective.

Suppose you’re not interested in doing a root canal treatment. In that case, you’ll talk with your Dentist about extraction instead. After the extraction, you should replace the tooth with an artificial bridge or implant. 

Just as the remainder of your teeth rely on good oral hygiene habits, your treated tooth still needs regular brushing and flossing.

A root canal treatment is invasive; therefore, pain after the treatment is normal. Treatment involves deep cleaning within the canals (the inner chamber of the root) of your tooth, which might successively irritate encompassing nerves and gums.

The pain shouldn’t last forever, and treatment is supposed to avoid the pain of a decaying or broken tooth. It’s normal to feel slightly moderate pain for some days after treatment—if any discomfort persists after a week, the Dentist will do the further cleanup of the canals or alternative procedures.

In the past, root canals were extraordinarily painful, often one reason individuals generally avoided such procedures. Dentists currently have pain-relieving measures that reduce the pain intensity you experience throughout the procedure.

Before the method begins, your Dentist can apply an area anesthetic injection that minimizes pain. You may still feel pressure throughout the procedure; however, you shouldn’t be in pain throughout the course.

 Your Dentist makes a tiny low gap within the crown of the tooth and cleans out morbid pulp within the pulp chamber of the tooth. Whereas uncomfortable, any pain and sensitivity following the treatment ought to solely last many days.

Since the pain persists once the treatment is over, you’ll probably take over-the-counter pain medications for relief. 

It would help to avoid the very hot or icy food after the treatment, which may induce a lot of pain.

When to hunt, help

Root canal pain ought to decrease over time. If you 

feel pain or have swelling after the treatment, you should see your Dentist. The patient would like one to 2 sessions for a cure to succeed. In severe cases, you’ll want a lot of cleaning sessions. Continual pain can be an indicator of this.

Your symptoms should ease up within days. Your doctor could suggest prescriptions like NSAIDs or narcotic pain relievers if they don’t, for a short period.

After the root canal treatment, your Dentist could place a crown on the prime of it. These may be products of metal, porcelain, or gold. The thought here is to forestall future injury to the already delicate tooth. Generally, pain may be temporary, as you get to adapt to a recently placed crown.

Pain management

Pain during the treatment should be self-addressed with your Dentist, and the Dentist will provide medication to reduce the pain. Taking care of your teeth may be necessary, and you should avoid crispy food until your pain improves. 

Quitting smoking may also help.

You can even practice some stress-relieving activities as a way of pain management. Meditation, yoga, and tai chi are all practices that will take your focus off your pain.


After crown placement can cause mild pain for many days, which is often temporary and will get away on its own if you follow good oral hygiene, you should see your medical practitioner for a follow-up if the pain lasts longer than three days.

An alternative to a root canal treatment may be a tooth extraction, within which your medical practitioner will replace a broken tooth with a bridge, plate, or implant. It may be a fashionable treatment and typically needs many visits to your doctor.

Tips for oral health

Good oral health practices will help alleviate pain from recently treated teeth, and these may also reduce your new crown’s last for several years while protecting all of your alternative teeth. Take into account the following tips:

Don’t eat too hard foods immediately after the RCT treatment.

Brush your teeth twice a day. Make sure to brush your teeth with gentle circling motions to wash your teeth. It would be best if you took special care around the root canal-treated tooth.

Floss once every day to stop future infections.

Reduce the number of sticky foods and carbonated drinks you consume.

Schedule regular cleanings to keep your teeth healthy and free from infection


Dr. Thajudheen MD

Dr Thajudheen is a dermatologist and cosmetic laser surgeon. He founded Dr Thaj Laser Skin & Hair Clinics in cities across southern India, where he pioneered the use of advanced lasers and cosmetology techniques.


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